Part I: Financial Services Industry: Its Markets, Regulations, and Governance.
Chapter 1: Fundamentals of the Financial Markets and Institutions.
The Financial Markets.
Financial Information and Capital Markets.
Financial Crisis and Financial Regulatory Reforms.
Types and Roles of Financial Markets.
Financial Services Firms.
Chapter 2: Introduction to Financial Institutions.
Landscape of the Financial Services Industry.
Structural Changes in the Financial Services Industry.
Historical Perspective of American Banking.
Current Trends in the Financial Services Banking Industry.
Chapter 3: Corporate Governance.
Corporate Governance Effectiveness.
Global Regulatory Reforms.
Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
The Dodd-Frank Act.
Corporate Governance Functions.
Board of Directors and its Committees.
Audit Committee Roles and Responsibilities.
Part II: The Foundation: Financial Institutions, Valuations, Mergers, Acquisitions, Regulatory and Accounting Environment.
Chapter 4: Overview of the Valuation Process.
Valuation of the Business.
Attracting Valuation Clients.
Accepting a Client.
Pricing Valuation Services.
Importance of the Engagement Letter.
Planning an Appraisal Engagement.
Appraiser's Due Diligence Process.
Chapter 5: Overview of Mergers and Acquisitions.
Historical Perspective of M & A.
Recent Trends in M & A.
Regulations of Bank Mergers.
The Players in M&A.
Motives for Business Combinations.
Determinants of Mergers and Acquisitions.
Perceived Shortcomings of M & A.
Studies on Mergers and Acquisitions.
Post M&A Performance.
Shareholders' Wealth and Effect of M&A.
Joint Ventures and Strategic Alliances.
Ethics in M&A.
Governance in M&A.
Mergers and Acquisitions Process.
Chapter 6: Regulatory Environment and Financial Reporting Process of Financial Institutions.
Financial Modernization: The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act.
Financial Reporting Process of Financial Institutions.
Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 115.
Auditing Proper Classifications of Marketable Securities.
Tax Consideration of Fair Value.
Recent Development of Fair Value Accounting.
Financial Reporting Requirements of Financial Institutions.
Corporate Governance of Financial Institutions.
Part III: Fundamentals of Valuations: Concepts, Standards, and Techniques.
Chapter 7: Value and Valuation: A Conceptual Foundation.
The Nature of Value.
Twelve Concepts of Value.
Types of Property That Can Be Valued.
Relationship among Different Types of Value.
Principles of Valuation Theory.
Pricing Value Versus Reporting Value.
Limitations of the Valuation Process.
Chapter 8: Approaches to Measuring Value.
Overview of the Valuation Process.
The Cost Approach to Valuation.
The Market Approach to Valuation.
The Income Approach to Valuation.
Special Topics—Approches to Intangible Asset Valuation.
Special Topics—Business Valuation.
Valuation and Business Concentrations.
Special Topics—Closely Held Stock.
Special Topics—Valuing Widely Traded Companies.
Chapter 9: Valuations for Tax and Accounting Purposes.
Tax Aspects of Mergers and Acquisitions.
Typical Tax-Oriented Valuations.
Accounting Aspects of Mergers and Acquisitions.
Typical Accounting-Oriented Valuations.
Business Combinations Presentation, Disclosure, and Transition Requirements.
Convergence in Accounting Standards on M&A.
Chapter 10: Intangible Asset Valuation.
Nature and Types of Intangible Assets.
Amortizable versus Nonamortizable Intangible Assets.
Measuring the Useful Life of an Intangible Asset.
Establishing Value of Intangible Assets.
Supporting Intangible Asset Valuation and Amortization.
Part IV: Assessment of Financial Institutions.
Chapter 11: Financial Analysis of Banks and Bank Holding Companies.
Types and Sources of Financial Data.
Overview of Financial Statements.
Composition of Bank Assets.
Composition of Bank Liabilities.
Off-Balance Sheet Items.
Composition of Bank Capital.
Regulatory Capital Components.
Value-at-Risk (VaR) Models.
Composition of Bank Income.
Composition of Bank Expenses.
Balance Sheet Analysis Illustration.
Income Statement and Profitability Analysis Illustration.
Loan Risk Analysis Illustration.
Liquidity and Investment Portfolio Analysis Illustration.
Portfolio Equities Analysis (Realm Model).
Special Bank Holding Company Considerations.
Chapter 12: Internal Characteristics Assessment.
Objectives and Benefits of an Internal Characteristics Assessment.
The “Ten P Factor” Framework.
Shareholder Value Creation.
Chapter 13: External Environment Assessment.
Impact of External Environment on Value.
Part V: Valuation of Mergers and Acquisitions.
Chapter 14: The Bank Merger and Acquisition Process.
Negotiation and Investigation Phase.
Finalization and Integration Phase.
Chapter 15: Valuing a Bank as a Business Enterprise.
Business Enterprise versus a Collection of Assets.
The Concept of the Banking Franchise.
Difference between Strategic and Tactical Valuations.
Why the Cost Approach is not Used for Strategic Bank Valuations.
Application of the Market Approach to Valuing a Bank.
Application of the Income Approach to Valuing a Bank.
Sensitivity of Value Estimate to Assumption Changes.
Value Creation Opportunities and the Acquisition Price.
Valuation Methods for Mergers and Acquisitions.
Sophisticated Valuation Techniques for Mergers and Acquisitions.
Relation between Price and Value and Effect on Stockholders.
Chapter 16: Valuation of Tangible Bank Assets.
Tangible Physical Assets.
Tangible Financial Assets.
Tangible Assets in Bank Mergers and Acquisitions.
Intangible Assets in Bank Mergers and Acquisitions.
Chapter 17: Core Deposits as a Special Type of Intangible Asset Valuation.
The Concept of Core Deposit Base as an Intangible Asset.
Internal Revenue Service Position on Core Deposits.
Important Core Deposit Tax Court Cases.
Deposits to be Included in Valuation.
Alternative Approaches to Valuing a Core Deposit Base.
Core Deposit Base Life Estimation.
Application of the Cost Savings Approach.
Application of the Future Income Approach.
Systemically Important Financial Institutions.
Chapter 18: Derivative Financial Instruments.
Authoritative Guidelines on Derivatives.
Derivatives Risk Management.
Derivatives Risk Management Policy.
Accounting of Derivatives.
Tax Considerations of Derivatives.
Audit of Derivative Transactions.
Sources of Information on Derivatives.
Derivatives Valuation Models.
Derivatives under the Dodd-Frank Act of 2010.
Chapter 19: Real World Bank Valuation Complications.
Banks Experiencing Recent Losses.
Banks with Low Equity Capital.
Banks with Uncertain Fututre Loan Loss Exposure.
Preferred and Common Stock.
Highly Leveraged Banks.
European Banking Model.
Initial Public Offering (IPO).
Islamic Banking System.
Emerging Issues in the Financial Services Industry.
About the Authors.