Doug Huggins has been working in the fixed income markets in the US and Europe for 25 years. He managed the European fixed income relative value research group at Deutsche Bank in the late 90’s, when the group was voted best in its class for three consecutive years by the readers of Global Investor Magazine. He joined ABN AMRO in 2001 as Global Head of Fixed Income Relative Value Research, and subsequently became the firm’s Global Head of Hedge Fund Sales. In 2003, he started a proprietary trading desk at ABN, focusing on fixed income relative value opportunities. He continued a career as a relative value trader in the London offices of two global hedge funds: Citadel and Old Lane.
Doug has a Ph.D. in financial economics and statistics from the University of Chicago and has focused throughout his career on developing financial and statistical models for the purpose of identifying relative value opportunities in global markets. In both Research and Trading, Doug has applied these models successfully to generate attractive risk-adjusted returns for clients and the firms for which he’s traded. Doug is currently applying relative value models to the energy and agricultural markets as a managing director of Starsupply Commodity Brokers in London.
Christian Schaller earned a Ph.D. in Mathematics at the University of Bonn, Germany before learning the tools of the fixed income trade in the Relative Value team at Deutsche Bank, managed by Anshu Jain. Over time, he’s made a number of original contributions, particularly in the areas of principal component analysis and basis swap modeling. While responsible for Deutsche Bank’s research in Tokyo, he was voted “best relative value researcher” by customers in the Greenwich survey.
As Global Head of Leveraged Investment Strategy at ABN AMRO, Christian used his skill to translate mathematical theory into profitable trading positions for the firm’s most demanding clients, including hedge funds, proprietary trading desks, central banks, and other financial institutions. In 2004, Christian founded Shinzenbi, a consulting firm based in Japan, advising investment banks on the development, training, and management of quantitative research teams.
In early 2013, Christian and Doug created Quantitative Markets Analysis Ltd, a London-based firm helping financial organizations apply quantitative methods to identify relative value opportunities in global markets. In addition to financial software, Quantitative Markets Analysis provides consulting services, including staff training and the design and implementation of bespoke systems for pre-trade and post-trade analytics.
Foreword by Henry Ritchotte
Relative Value: a Practitioner's Guide vii
Relative Value 1
PART I: STATISTICAL MODELS 17
Mean Reversion 19
Principal Component Analysis 51
PART II: FINANCIAL MODELS 113
Some Comments on Yield, Duration, and Convexity 115
Bond Futures Contracts 121
LIBOR, OIS Rates, and Repo Rates 137
Intra-Currency Basis Swaps 153
Theoretical Determinants of Swap Spreads 157
Swap Spreads from an Empirical Perspective 169
Swap Spreads as Relative Value Indicators for
Government Bonds 185
Fitted Bond Curves 193
A Brief Comment on Interpolated Swap Spreads 207
Cross-Currency Basis Swaps 211
Relative Values of Bonds Denominated in Different
Credit Default Swaps 245
USD Asset Swap Spreads versus Credit Default Swaps 273
Relative Value in a Broader Perspective 349