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Audit Guide: Assessing & Responding To Audit Risk In a Financial Statement Audit


This guide is the definitive source for guidance on applying the core principles of the risk-based audit methodology that must be used on all financial statement audits. It is written in an easy-to-understand style that enables auditors of all experience levels to find answers to the issues they encounter in the field. Unique insights, examples and a comprehensive case study clarify critical concepts and requirements.

Founded in 1887, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) represents the CPA and accounting profession nationally and globally regarding rule-making and standard-setting, and serves as an advocate before legislative bodies, public interest groups and other professional organizations. The AICPA develops standards for audits of private companies and other services by CPAs; provides educational guidance materials to its members; develops and grades the Uniform CPA Examination; and monitors and enforces compliance with the accounting profession’s technical and ethical standards.
The AICPA’s founding established accountancy as a profession distinguished by rigorous educational requirements, high professional standards, a strict code of professional ethics, a licensing status and a commitment to serving the public interest.
Part I Authoritative and Nonauthoritative Guidance on the Auditor’s Risk Assessment in a Financial Statement Audit

1 Overview of Applying the Audit Risk Standards .01-.42

2 Key Concepts Underlying the Auditor’s Risk Assessment Process .01-.122

3 Planning and Performing Risk Assessment Procedures .01-.147

4 Understanding the Client, Its Environment, and Its Internal Control .01-.89

5 Risk Assessment and the Design of Further Audit Procedures .01-.76

6 Performing Further Audit Procedures .01-.125

7 Evaluating Audit Findings, Audit Evidence, and Deficiencies in Internal Control .01-.79

Part II Additional Resources


A Considerations in Establishing the Overall Audit Strategy

B Understanding the Entity and Its Environment

C Internal Control Components

D Exhibit--Management Antifraud Programs and Controls: Guidance to Help Prevent, Deter, and Detect Fraud

E Illustrative Financial Statement Assertions and Examples of Substantive Procedures Illustrations for Inventories of a Manufacturing Company

F Consideration of Prior Year Uncorrected Misstatements

G Assessing the Severity of Identified Deficiencies in Internal Control

H Examples of Circumstances That May Be Deficiencies, Significant Deficiencies, or Material Weaknesses

I Suggestions for Conducting Inquiries

J Matters to Consider in Determining Performance Materiality

Part III Illustrative Audit Documentation Case Study


K Illustrative Audit Documentation Case Study: Young Fashions, Inc.

K-1 Young Fashions: Understanding of Entity and Its Environment

K-2 Young Fashions: Evaluation of Entity-Level Controls

K-3 Young Fashions: Understanding of Internal Control--IT General Controls

K-4 Young Fashions: Evaluation of Activity-Level Controls--Wholesale Sales

K-5 Young Fashions: Assessing Risks of Material Misstatement and Linkage to Further Audit Procedures

K-6 Young Fashions: Evaluation of Uncorrected Misstatements and Assessment of Control Deficiencies

L Schedule of Changes Made to the Text From the Previous Edition

Index of Pronouncements and Other Technical Guidance

Subject Index