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Fraud 101: Techniques and Strategies for Understanding Fraud, 3rd Edition


Praise for Fraud 101 Third Edition

"With this new edition of Fraud 101, I am amazed at how much information Stephen delivers in such a concise and succinct manner. His descriptions are detailed, but easy to understand, and the case examples really help illustrate the schemes. This is an excellent reference book for anyone in the fraud prevention field, whether they are a seasoned veteran or just starting out."
—John D. Gill, JD, CFE Research Director, Association of Certified Fraud Examiners

"Awesome! Sit at the head of the class—read Fraud 101 and get an A+ in understanding fraud. This book takes the reader from the classroom to the real world with its insightful case studies and practical techniques. A must-read for accountants, other professionals, business owners, and students of fraud."
—Thomas Scanlon, CPA, CFP®President, Borgida & Company, PC, CPAs

"The author clearly demonstrates his mastery of the subject matter in this well-written, easy-to-read, comprehensive guide to understanding fraud. The case studies provide insight into the definition of fraud, the different types of fraud, the perpetrator's rationale and a practical approach to investigation and prevention. The ever evolving nature of this relevant subject matter makes this book a must-read for anyone interested in learning about fraud and its wide-reaching effects."
—Jeffrey Rossi, CPA, CVA, CFEPartner, J.H. Cohn, LLP

"This book is very readable and loaded with examples from the author's rich experience in forensic accounting services. The discussions of the types of fraud and the pitfalls to watch for were very practical guidance for accountants and business people in general."
—Lawrence J. Gramling, PhD, CPA Assistant Department Head, Department of Accounting, University of Connecticut

Root out fraud before it happens with the hands-on approach found in Fraud 101, Third Edition

The more your organization can learn about fraud and the potential risks that can threaten its financial stability, the better you will be equipped to prevent schemes from occurring in the first place. The only primer you need to fully understand financial fraud, Fraud 101, Third Edition expertly arms you with the tools to eliminate future frauds and reduce fraud losses.

Stephen Pedneault, CPA, CFF, CFE, is the founder and Principal of Forensic Accounting Services LLC, a CPA firm located in Glastonbury, Connecticut, specializing in forensic accounting, employee fraud, and litigation support matters. Steve is also the author of the forthcoming Wiley title, Anatomy of a Fraud Investigation. He has written numerous articles appearing in local and national media and is a contributor to Fraud Casebook: Lessons from the Bad Side of Business (Wiley). For more information about Stephen Pedneault, go to



CHAPTER 1 The World of Fraud.

Definition of Fraud.

The Many Types of Fraud.

CHAPTER 2 Why Is Fraud Committed?

A Rationalizing Society.

Financial Statement Fraud.

Financial Fraud Comes in Different Shapes and Sizes.

Motivators Differ by Type of Business.

Employee Schemes.

In the End.

CHAPTER 3 Financial Statement Fraud Schemes.

Where Do Things Go Wrong?

Trend Analysis.

Beyond Traditional Audits.

CHAPTER 4 Employee Embezzlements.

The Fraud Triangle.

Areas for Concern.

CHAPTER 5 Other Fraud Schemes.

Duplicate Payment Fraud.

Multiple Payee Fraud.

Shell Fraud.

Defective Delivery Fraud.

Defective Receipt Fraud.

Defective Shipment Fraud.

Defective Pricing Fraud.

CHAPTER 6 Contract Rigging Schemes.

Stage One: Obtaining the Contract.

Stage Two: Contract Change Orders.

Unbalanced Bidding.

Detection Recommendations.

Rotation Fraud.

Where Do We Go from Here?

CHAPTER 7 Responses to Fraud.

Government’s Response to Fraud.

Accounting Profession’s Response to Fraud.

Internal Audit Profession’s Response to Fraud.

New Credentials, More Training, Better Awareness.

Articles, Books, and More Resources.

CHAPTER 8 The Importance of Internal Controls and Internal Audit.

Why Have Internal Controls?

Déjá Vu.

Good Internal Controls.

Internal Audit.

CHAPTER 9 Evidence.

What Is Evidence?


CHAPTER 10 Conducting Fraud Investigations: A Practical Approach.

Proactive Fraud Investigations.

Discovery Investigations.

Supportive Investigations.



The Investigative Plan.

Conducting the Procedures.


Use of the Findings.

CHAPTER 11 Fraud Investigation Alternatives.

Assessing the Feasibility of a Full Investigation.

Monitoring Operational Areas at Risk of Fraud.

Revamping Internal Controls: Closing the Barn Door.

Doing Nothing?

APPENDIX A Vending Lessons Learned.

APPENDIX B Living a Facade Prevention Techniques.

APPENDIX C Disappearing Inventory.

Internal Controls.