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The Visual Investor: How to Spot Market Trends, 2nd Edition


Praise for The Visual Investor Second Edition

"John Murphy displays his remarkably broad knowledge of price patterns and intermarket relationships in this concise, up-to-date edition. It is a tour through the most important visual techniques, punctuated with practical, timely examples, including real estate, gold, VIX, mutual funds, and ETFs. Every trader will want to read this."—Perry Kaufman, author of New Trading Systems and Methods, 4th Edition and A Short Course in Technical Trading

"John Murphy has surpassed another career milestone. His first book on technical analysis is widely regarded as the industry's standard, and his second is considered a groundbreaking dissertation on intermarket analysis. So too, The Visual Investor, Second Edition is expected to become a reference guide for technicians and fundamentalists alike, as he has successfully removed the mystique that has shrouded conventional chart analysis by providing a panorama of visual tools and relationships that simplify a heretofore seemingly complex investment approach."—Tom DeMark, President, Market Studies Inc.

"Imagine going grocery shopping in the stock market and facing hundreds of canned goods marked candlesticks, chart patterns, and indicators. Murphy pulls from the shelf his favorites, explains them to you, and adds them to your shopping cart. At home, he opens each can and cooks a delicious meal that is not only tasty but profitable as well. The Visual Investor is John Murphy's cookbook. Read it."—Thomas N. Bulkowski,, author of Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns and Encyclopedia of Candlestick Charts

"If investors want to learn how to trade trends, they should study every word of The Visual Investor, Second Edition. Murphy hits the mark again!"—Michael Covel, author of The Complete TurtleTrader and Trend Following

John J. Murphy is a former technical analyst for CNBC and has over forty years of market experience. He is the face of, which provides financial information to online investors via technical analysis tools. Murphy has appeared on Bloomberg TV, CNN's Moneyline, Nightly Business Report, and Wall $treet Week with Louis Rukeyser. In 1992, he was given the first award for outstanding contribution to global technical analysis by the International Federation of Technical Analysts, and was the recipient of the 2002 Market Technicians Association Annual Award. In addition to the First Edition of The Visual Investor, he is also author of Intermarket Technical Analysis and Intermarket Analysis, all of which are published by Wiley. He also authored Technical Analysis of the Financial Markets. Murphy has a bachelor of arts in economics and a master of business administration from Fordham University.



What Has Changed?

Fund Categories.

Global Funds.

Investors Need to Be Better Informed.

Benefits of Visual Investing.

Structure of the Book.

CHAPTER 1: What Is Visual Investing?

Why Market Analysis?

The Trend Is to Blend.

What's in a Name?

Why Study the Market?

Chartists Are Cheaters.

It's Always Just Supply and Demand.

Charts Are Just Faster.

Charts Do Look Ahead.

Pictures Don't Lie.

Picture Anything You Want.

The Market's Always Right.

It's All About Trend.

Isn't the Past Always Prologue?

Timing Is Everything.


CHAPTER 2. The Trend Is Your Friend.

What Is a Trend?

Support and Resistance Levels.

Role Reversal.

Short Versus Long Term.

Daily, Weekly, and Monthly Charts.

Recent versus Distant Past.


Channel Lines.

Retracing Our Steps by One-Third, One-Half, and Two-Thirds.

Weekly Reversals.


CHAPTER 3: Pictures That Tell a Story.

Chart Types.

Time Choices.


Volume Analysis.

Chart Patterns.

Measuring Techniques.

Even the Fed Is Charting.

The Triangle.

Points and Figure Charts.

Chart Pattern Recognition Software.


CHAPTER 4 Your Best Friend in a Trend.

Two Classes of Indicators.

The Moving Average.

The Simple Average.

Weighting the Average or Smoothing It?

Moving Average Lengths.

Moving Average Combinations.


CHAPTER 5: Is It Overbought or Oversold?

Measuring Overbought and Oversold Conditions.



Welles Wilde's Relative Strength Index.

The Stochastics Oscillator.

Combine RSI and Stochastics.


CHAPTER 6: How to Have the Best of Both Worlds.

MACD Construction.

MACD as Trend-Following Indicator.

MACD as an Oscillator.

MACD Divergences.

How to Blend Daily and Weekly Signals.

How to Make MACD Even Better—The Histogram.

Be Sure to Watch Monthly Signals.

How to Know Which Indicators to Use.

The Average Directional Movement (ADX) Line.



CHAPTER 7 Market Linkages.

The Asset Allocation Process.

The Relative Strength Ratio.

2002 Shift from Paper to Hard Assets.

Commodity/Bond Ratio also Turned up.

Turns in the Bond/Stock Ratio.

2007 Ratio Shifts Back to Bonds.

Bonds Rise as Stocks Fall.

Falling U.S. Rates Hurt the Dollar.

Falling Dollar Pushes Gold to Record High.

Commodity-Related Stocks.

Foreign Stocks Are Linked to the Dollar.

Commodity Exporters Get Bigger Boost.

Global Decoupling Is a Myth.

Rising Yen Threatens Global Stocks.

Review of 2004 Intermarket Book.


CHAPTER 8: Market Breadth.

Measuring Market Breadth with NYSE AD Line.

NYSE AD Line Violates Moving Average Lines.

Advance-Decline Shows Negative Divergence.

Where the Negative Divergences Were Located.

Retail Stocks Start to Underperform During 2007.

Retailers and Homebuilders Were Linked.

Consumers are also Squeezed by Rising Oil.

Dow Theory.

Transports Don't Confirm Industrial High.

Percent of NYSE Stocks above 200-Day Average.

NYSE Bullish Percent Index.

Point-and-Figure Version of BPI.


CHAPTER 9: Relative Strength and Rotation.

Uses of Relative Strength.

Top-Down Analysis.

Relative Strength versus Absolute Performance.

Using Relative Strength between Stocks.

Comparing Gold Stocks to Gold.

How to Spot New Market Leaders.

Where the Money Came from.

Spotting Rotation Back into Large Caps.

Trend Changes Are Easy to Spot.

Rotation within Market Sectors.

Chinese Stocks Lose Leadership Role.



CHAPTER 10 Sectors and Industry Groups.

Difference between Sectors and Industry Groups.

Performance Charts.

Sector Carpets.

Using Market Carpet to Find Stock Leaders.

Industry Group Leader.

Sector Trends Need to Be Monitored.

Information on Sectors and Industry Groups.

Spotting Natural Gas Leadership.

Natural Gas Components.

CBOE Volatility (VIX) Index.


CHAPTER 11: Mutual Funds.

What Works on Mutual Funds.

Open–versus Closed-End Funds.

Charting Adjustments on Open-End Funds.

Blending Fundamental and Technical Data.

Relative Strength Analysis.

Traditional and Nontraditional Mutual Funds.

Keep It Simple.

200-Day Moving Average and Housing.

Natural Gas Breakout.

Consumer Discretionary Breakdown.

Bear Crossing Sinks Chips.

Negative ROC Hurts Technology.

Consumer Staples Hold Up Okay.

Retail Ratio Plunges.

Energizing a Portfolio.

Latin America Leads.

Real Estate Is Global.

Profunds Rising Rates Fund.

Profund Falling U.S. Dollar Fund.

Commodity Mutual Funds.

Inverse Stock Funds.


CHAPTER 12: Exchange-Traded Funds.

ETFs versus Mutual Funds.

Using ETFs to Hedge.

Using a Bear ETF.

Trading the Nasdaq 100.

Using Sector ETFs.

Inverse Sector ETFs.

Using Technology as a Market Indicator.

Commodity ETFs.

Foreign Currency ETFs.

Bond ETFs.

International ETFs.



Why It's Called Visual Investing.

The Media Will Always Tell You Why Later.

Media Views Keep Shifting.

Visual Analysis Is More User Friendly.

Keep It Simple.

Visual Tools Are Universal.

The Stock Market Leads the Economy.

Prices Lead the Fundamentals.

Sector Investing.

Exchange-Traded Funds.

A Year After the 2007 Top.

Warning Signs were Clearly Visible.

APPENDIX A: Getting Started.

Find a Good Web Site.

Use the Readers Choice Awards.


Online Bookstore.

Investor's Business Daily.

Stock Scans.

Bullish Percent Indexes.

McClellan Breadth Indicators.

APPENDIX B: Japanese Candlesticks.

Candlestick Patterns.

Bullish Engulfing Pattern.

Stock Scan Candlestick Patterns.

Recommended Reading.

APPENDIX C: Point-and-Figure Charting.

Triple and Quadruple Signals.

How to Vary P&F Charts for Sensitivity.

There's No Doubt about P&F Signals.

Recommended Reading.