"This book is likely to be the most important ever written about oil."
—The late Richard E. Smalley, PhD, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, 1996 Former University Professor, Gene and Norman Hackerman Professor of Chemistry, Former Professor of Physics, Rice University
"[Simmons] effectively confronts the complacent notion that there are ample oil reserves in Saudi Arabia. Twilight in the Desert should provoke anyone who believes that the recent increase in oil prices reflects either a speculative bubble or short-term supply constraints."
—Edward L. Morse, former deputy assistant secretary of state for international energy policy
"Everyone must understand this thesis, whether you agree or not,since it may change life as we know it."
—Jim Rogers, author of Hot Commodities and Adventure Capitalist
"Matt Simmons's book is a challenge to Middle Eastern oil producers to provide the world with more and better oil field data . . . If Simmons proves directionally correct, we are in for a huge and early challenge to find alternative transportation fuels."
—Dr. Herman Franssen, President, International Energy Associates, Inc.
"Provides much-needed transparency to a subject long hidden from public view.
While all may not agree with its findings, it is the ensuing debate surely to follow
that gives value to the author's efforts."
—Robert E. Ebel, Chairman, Energy Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, D.C.
PART ONE FROM BEDOUIN TO BOURGEOISIE.
1 The Birth of a Nation.
2 The History of Major Saudi Arabian Oil Discoveries.
3 Saudi Arabia’s Road to Oil Market Dominance.
4 The Veil of Secrecy over Saudi Oil Reserves and Production.
PART TWO THE EBBING OF THE SAUDI OIL BOUNTY.
5 Saudi Aramco.
6 Oil Is Not Just Another Commodity.
PART THREE GIANTS AT THE TIPPING POINT.
7 Ghawar, the King of Oilfields.
8 The Second-Tier Oilfields.
9 The Best of the Rest.
10 Coming Up Empty in New Exploration.
11 Turning to Natural Gas.
PART FOUR TWILIGHT IN THE DESERT.
12 Saudi Oil Reserves Claims in Doubt.
13 Facing the Inevitable.
14 Reading Between the Lines of the Latest News from Aramco.
15 Aramco Invokes “Fuzzy Logic” to Manage the Future of Saudi Oil.
16 In Search of Crisper Truths among the Confident Saudi Claims.
Appendix A Methodology.
Appendix B Supporting Technical Data.
Appendix C The 1974 and 1979 Senate Hearings.