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Africa Emerges: Consummate Challenges, Abundant Opportunities


Sub-Saharan Africa is no longer a troubled ‘dark continent.’ Most of its constituent countries are now enjoying significant economic growth and political progress. The new Africa has begun to banish the miseries of the past, and appears ready to play an important role in world affairs. Thanks to shifts in leadership and governance, an African renaissance could be at hand.

Yet the road ahead is not without obstacles. As world renowned expert on African affairs, Robert Rotberg, expertly shows, Africa today maybe poised to deliver real rewards to its long suffering citizens but it faces critical new crises as well as abundant new opportunities. Africa Emerges draws on a wealth of empirical data to explore the key challenges Africa must overcome in the coming decades. From peacekeeping to health and disease, from energy needs to education, this illuminating analysis diagnoses the remaining impediments Africa will need to surmount if it is to emerge in 2050 as a prosperous, peaceful, dynamic collection of robust large and small nations.

Africa Emerges offers an unparalleled guide for all those interested in the dynamics of modern Africa’s political, economic, and social development.

Robert I. Rotberg is the Founding Director of the Harvard Kennedy School’s Program on Intrastate Conflict and President Emeritus of the World Peace Foundation. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, was a member of the US Secretary of State’s advisory panel on Africa, and in 2012-2013 was the Inaugural Fulbright Research Chair in Political Development at both the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University (Ottawa) and the Balsillie School of International Affairs of the University of Waterloo (Canada).

Acknowledgements viii

Introduction: A Continent on the Move 1

1 Myriad Challenges and Opportunities 5

2 A Demographic Dividend or Just More People? 21

3 Tropical Dilemmas: Disease, Water, and More 35

4 Educating Future Generations 55

5 To War Rather than to Prosper 69

6 Accountability and the Wages of Corrupt Behavior 91

7 The Infrastructural Imperative 116

8 Harnessing Mobile Telephone Capabilities 134

9 China Drives Growth 151

10 Strengthening Governance 173

11 Creating Responsible Leadership 189

Notes 216

Select Bibliography 244

Index 252