پارسی   English   العربیه

Lean Auditing: Driving Added Value and Efficiency in Internal Audit



In today's world of financial constraints, increased regulations, and a focus on corporate governance, internal audit departments are under pressure to get the most from limited resources. However, there is a tendency for audits to get bogged down in detail, reducing productivity and restricting the organization it serves.

Lean Auditing offers board members, senior managers, finance professionals and internal auditors an important resource that clearly demonstrates the use of lean principles and techniques to both inspire and support internal audit to better understand what it means to add value, and to drive out unproductive activities. James C. Paterson explains in detail why adopting lean audit ways of working can enable internal audit to play a much greater role in contributing to organizational success and efficiency.

Lean Auditing outlines a selection of essential lean tools and techniques that have proven their worth in terms of driving greater effectiveness and efficiency. This vital resource highlights the principles and best practices that define successful internal audit departments and gives audit professionals the confidence to apply these techniques in their day-to-day work.

JAMES C. PATERSON, is Director of Risk & Assurance Insights, Ltd, ( and provides consulting, coaching and training to clients in the public and private sectors in the UK, Europe and further afield. This allows him to combine his interests in risk assurance and internal audit alongside his passion for leadership and organizational development.

Paterson enjoyed a successful corporate career as the Head of the Group Financial Reporting Department of AstraZeneca PLC. After attending the IMPM programme and obtaining a Masters degree in Management from McGill University in Canada he became the Director or Leadership Development programmes for AstraZeneca PLC working on leadership development and culture change issues. After that he was appointed as the VP and Chief Audit Executive of AstraZeneca PLC from 2002 until the end of 2009. This was where he first developed his interest in lean ways of working, which eventually led to the writing of Lean Auditing.

James also has a BSc (Hons) in Mathematics & Philosophy from the University of Manchester in the UK and is PIIA qualified.

Foreword ix

Introduction xi

Part 1 Lean And Lean Auditing In Overview 1

1 Lean Auditing at AstraZeneca 3

2 A Brief History of Lean, Notable Principles and the Approach Taken by this Book 5

3 Key Lean Tools & Techniques 11

4 The Development of Lean Auditing and Its Benefits 19

5 The Wider Benefits of a Lean Audit Approach – and How to Use This Book 23

Part 2 Looking At Internal Audit Planning And Assignment Delivery 31

6 Who Are the Customers of Internal Audit? 33

7 What Really Adds Value – And What Doesn’t 45

8 The Importance of Role Clarity in Assurance and the Insights Lean Can Offer 59

9 The Audit Plan: Taking a Value Approach 77

10 Factoring in Risk Assurance in the Audit Plan 95

11 Considering the Allocation of Resources to Optimize Value Add 107

12 Assignments – Types, Scheduling and Resourcing 121

13 Using Assignment Scoping and Planning to Drive Added Value 133

14 Assignment Delivery – Managing What Really Goes On 149

15 Using Communication and Quality Standards to Maximize the Added Value from Assignments 175

16 Assignment Follow-Up and Follow On 205

Part 3 Looking At Key Underpinning Capabilities, Processes And Ways Of Working 213

17 Measuring Performance and Driving Improvements in Audit Ways of Working 215

18 Using Lean Audit Principles to Underpin Cultural Change in the Wider Organization 227

19 Leading the Audit Function 241

20 The Audit Function: Selection, Training & Development and Ways of Working 257


21 Further Thoughts about Where and How to Start the Journey Towards Lean Progressive Auditing 281

22 A Brief Look into the Future 285

Other Recommended Reading 289

Appendix – Illustrative Kano Analysis Regarding Internal Audit 291

Closing Dedication & Thanks 295

Index 297